Benera and Estefan
Proxy Climates, 2019
installation (collected pollen from dryland regions across Europe, resin, metallic rod), variable dimensions



                                                                                                                                           The Sahara of Romania
                                                                                                                                           Dabuleni village, 2018



Paleoclimatology relies on proxy records like ice core, 
deep-sea drilling or pollen samples. 
Since pollen grains are well preserved in the sediment layers
in the bottom of a pond, lake or ocean, an analysis of the
pollen grains in each layer tell us what kinds of plants were growing
at the time the sediment was deposited. Because they have very 
resistant walls, pollen and spores typically are the most 
abundant, easily identifiable, and best preserved plant
remains in sediments and sedimentary rocks.